Tue. Jul 16th, 2024

What are neurological disorders and diseases? To put it simply, these are disorders of the nervous system. There are up to 600 such diseases that hundreds of millions of people around the world face. What are the most common disorders among so many diseases? Below you will find some of the common ones that people struggle with today.

The Most Common Neurological Diseases

The treatment of such diseases can vary and this direction in medicine is progressing. There are more and more studies and new approaches to the treatment of a neurological disorder. Such diseases are classified into categories. Below you will find the most common diseases according to the certain category.

Autoimmune Neurological Disorders

We are talking about diseases that arise due to the fact that the patient’s immunity begins to attack and harm their body. Both the central and peripheral nervous systems may be affected. Among this category, the most common disease is:

  • Multiple sclerosis. This is a progressive autoimmune disease that is chronic. This disease affects the central nervous system. In this case, the progress of the disease is gradual.

Degenerative Neurological Disorders

This classification covers the diseases that disrupt the balance in the performance of the brain and heart, the respiratory system, and the musculoskeletal system, and even affect speech. Most of the diseases from this classification are not treatable.

  • Alzheimer’s disease. This is the most common disease in this category. It is characterized by a decrease in the mental capacity that interferes with daily life.

  • Parkinson’s disease. The disease is characterized by the fact that dopamine is not produced, making a direct impact on muscles, speech, balance, coordination, and so on.

Functional Neurological Disorders

Functional neurological disorders are the next category of diseases that modern people face. Such disorders cause disruptions in the signaling processes of the nervous system.

  • Epilepsy. This is the most common disorder in which recurrent seizures occur.

  • Headache. This disorder involves chronic episodes of pain attacks that may be accompanied by nausea, fatigue, and increased sensitivity to light and noise.

  • Migraine. This neurological disease can be caused by environmental or genetic factors. As for the symptoms, the pain is throbbing, nausea and vomiting, difficulty in perceiving information, and sensitivity to light and noise.

Neurological Disorders Due to Infectious Diseases

Among neurological disorders, there are diseases that occur due to infections. The most common infections include:

  • Encephalitis. The disease is characterized by inflammation of the brain.

  • Meningitis. This is a viral or bacterial infection of the brain, and spinal cord, which can lead to serious brain damage and even death.

  • Polio. This disease can lead to paralysis.

Vascular Neurological Disorders

Stroke is the main disease in the vascular neurological disorders category. This disease is characterized by a sharp decrease in blood flow to the brain or vice versa, which leads to oxygen starvation. The consequences of the disease are varied and can lead to both disability and death.

 

The Bottom Line

There are many neurological diseases. Someone is faced with a less life-threatening disease, and someone is faced with one that can completely change a life. Therefore, it is important to monitor your health and seek medical help in a timely manner.

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